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Medical Courses

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or in Latin Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (abbreviated in various ways, viz. "BMBS", MB BChir, BM BCh, MB BCh, MB ChB, MBBS,M.B.B.S. etc.) are the two first professional medical degrees awarded upon graduation from medical school in medicine and surgery by universities in various countries . The naming suggests that they are two separate degrees; however, in practice, they are considered as one and awarded simultaneously.These medical courses are fairly popular in India.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) (Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae) degree course. This medical course includes 4.5 years of classroom study which is divided into three parts of three semesters each. A wide range of subjects such as surgery, radiology, pathology, dermatology, biochemistry, psychiatry, ophthalmology, obstetrics and gynecology. Anatomy and preventive medicine are studied in the course of classroom study period. The final 1.5 years are set aside for medical internship. During this period , the students are involved in clinical work in the departments of the hospital.medical entrance exams has been conducted for admission for these medical courses.

Medical colleges in India award MBBS. Licenciate qualifications in medicine and surgery, LMS or LMP, were also formerly awarded after a shorter medical course, originally at a "medical school" rather than a "medical college".

In addition, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Bombay formerly awarded a licentiate at LMS level, a membership (MCPS) at MB BS level and a fellowship (FCPS) at MD level. The State Medical Faculty of West Bengal (previously of Bengal) similarly gave licentiates and memberships on an external basis.

Below is list of medical courses available in india.

  1. Medical course: M.B.B.S (Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery)Course DURATION: 4.5 years
  2. Medical course: B.D.S (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
    Course DURATION: 4 years
  3. Medical course: B.Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy)
    Course DURATION: 4 years
  4. Medical course: B.Sc Nursing
    Course DURATION: 3 years
  5. Medical course: B.P.T (Physiotherapy)
    Course DURATION: 3 years
  6. Medical course: B.O.T (Occupational Therapy)
    Course DURATION: 3 years
  7. Medical course: B.H.M.S(Homeopathy Medicine)
    Course DURATION: 5.5 years
  8. Medical course: B.U.M.S(Unani Medicine)
    Course DURATION: 5 years
  9. Medical course: Optometry
    Course DURATION: 2 years
  10. Medical course: Ophthalmic Assistant Medical course
    Course DURATION: 2 years
  11. Medical course: Histopathalogical Lab Technology
    Course DURATION: 1 year
  12. Medical course : B.A.M.S(Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine)
    Course DURATION: 4 years
  13. Medical course: D. Pharma(Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine)
    Course DURATION: 1 year
  14. Medical course: Lab Technicians
    Course DURATION: 1 year
  15. Medical course: Sanitary Inspector Medical course
    Course DURATION: 1 year
  16. Medical course: General Nursing Training Medical course
    Course DURATION: 3.5 years
  17. Medical course: Orthopedist Medical course
    Course DURATION: 2 years
  18. Medical course: Dental Mechanic Medical course
    Course DURATION: 2 years
  19. Medical course: Dental Hygienist Medical course
    Course DURATION: 2 years
  20. Medical course: Bachelor of Occupationaltherapy
    Course DURATION: 3 years
  21. Medical course: Radiological Assistant
    Course DURATION: 1 year
  22. Medical course: Radiography [Diagnosis & Therapy]
    Course DURATION: 2 years
  23. Medical course: Nuclear Medicine Technology
    Course DURATION: 2 years

Brief detail of few popular medical courses in India

  1. M.B.B.S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)(Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae ): MBBS is the medical degree awarded in many countries like UK, India. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.these both degrees are awarded simultaneously.Course DURATION: 5.5 yrs
  2. B.D.S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery): Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( B.D.S ) is a first professional degree Programme in dentistry.Course DURATION: 4 yrs
  3. B.H.M.S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery): The Homeopathic Education in India is presently regulated by the National Institute of Homeopathy.Applicant should have passed HSC Exam from Statutory Board/University in India or equivalence.Course DURATION: 5.5 yrs
  4. B.A.M.S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery): This degree is awarded to those students who have studied ayurveda system of medicine in India. The Ayurvedic Education in India is presently regulated by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).
    Course DURATION: 5.5 yrs
  5. M.D. (Doctor of Medicine): This degree is awarded to Physicians.Doctors possessing M.B.B.S. degree are eligible to for this course.Course DURATION: 3 yrs
  6. M.S. (Master of Surgery): This degree is awarded to doctors who are doing masters in Surgery.Doctors possessing M.B.B.S. degree are eligible to for this course.Course DURATION: 3 yrs
  7. D.M : This is a doctrate degree awarded by many universities in US and is equivalent to a PhD degree. Doctors possessing M.D. degree are eligible to for this course.Course DURATION: 2-3 yrs
    M.Ch.: The M.Ch degree is the highest degree under the faculty of medicine. Applicant should have M.S. degree to be eligible for M.Ch.Course DURATION: 2 yrs
  8. B.Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy) : Applicant must pass 12th class or equivalent with minimum average percent of 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology. or DPharma (Diploma in Pharmacy).This medical course is mandatory to get a medical shop license in India.Course DURATION: 4 yrs
  9. B.Sc. Nursing : In order to eligible one must pass 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology with a minimum of 45% average marks.The objective of B.Sc. Nursing programme is to train nurses with necessary skills, This medical course is a path to become nurse in india.Course DURATION: 4 yrs
  10. B.P.T (Physiotherapy) : Applicant must pass 12th class or equivalent with minimum average percent of 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology. Candidate should clear in english subject also.Course DURATION: 4.5 yrs
  11. B.O.T (Occupational Therapy) : It is a 3 year medical program.In order to eligible one must pass 10+2 with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology). Some institutions may arrange an entrance exam and select candidates on the basis of performance in the medical entrance test.Course DURATION: 3 yrs
  12. B.U.M.S ( Unani Medicine ) : Candidate for B.U.M.S. medical course must have passed Intermediate (10 + 2) with Physics , Chemistry & Biology. Urdu is mandatory up to 10th class or equivalent .Candidate must have attain minimum 17 yrs of age as on 31st December of the responding year.This medical course is based on unani medical methods.Course DURATION: 5.5 yrs
  13. Optometry : Optometry is a science that is associated with structure, working and function of human eye. EYECET examination is necessary to pass to go for B. Optom Degree.Course DURATION: 2 yrs
  14. Ophthalmic Assistant Course : An ophthalmic assistant is a guy who works with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) to provide patient care by performing many different eye-related clinical functions.One should have a high school diploma or equivalent to get admission.
  15. MD Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor): The MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery) degree represents the first (undergraduate) level of training required to be licensed as a physician and the MS or MD degree is a postgraduate degree, for the special training. Eligibility for the MS or MD course is restricted to medical graduates holding the MBBS degree. Below are the special branches during the MD course.
  • Psychiatry: Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
  • Ophthalmologists: Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.
  • Orthopedics: Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics, also spelled orthopaedic, is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
  • Neurosurgery: Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and cerebrovascular system.
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology: Obstetrician-gynecologist to be adept at the care of female reproductive organs' health and at the management of pregnancy, although many doctors go on to develop subspecialty interests in one field or the other.
  • Cardiology: The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists
  • Pediatrics: Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.
  • Medicine: General physician


Question: How to become Eye specialist?

Answer: If anyone want to become a Eye specialist doctor then after completion of your schooling(12th) with medical stream from recognised board, you have to qualify All India Pre Medical Entrance Exam to pursue 5 years degree course known as MBBS then after completion of MBBS you will have to go for MD course for speciality in eye.